students should go to school to learn."
Is Learning a Sport?
This week the topic of awards surfaced again on Twitter. As a result, Vancouver Sun reporter Janet Steffenhagen posted part of my blog post, "Death of An Awards Ceremony", that described the decision parents and staff made to significantly alter the way we recognize kids. Instead of our year-end awards ceremony, we decided to have a year-end honouring ceremony along with recognizing individuals throughout the year for their individual strengths and passions. Awards ceremonies are zero-sum, meaning that although they create a few winners, they create many losers.
Through Twitter and Janet's post, a common opposing argument to ending awards is that if we get rid of awards we:
" . . . should we end all games in a tie? . . ."
" . . . might as well get rid of championships . . ."
" . . . .might as well eliminate sports teams, too."
" . . .are we not preparing our kids for the competitive environment
that is the 'real world'? . . . "
Sport is huge in my life. My friends, players and teammates will tell you: I am one of the most competitive players and coaches in the rink and on the court. I have spent the majority of my adult life coaching volleyball, basketball, and track. During this time, although the main goal was never to just win but more about the journey and process, I was involved in sports that resulted in a winner and a loser. I am not against competition (there are still fun, healthy competitive games in schools and classrooms); I am against awards ceremonies and events that place emphasis on the result rather than on the learning.
The key difference between sport and learning is that you CHOOSE to play sports and you go in with the knowledge that there is a winner and a loser. Students should not go to school to win - students should go to school to learn. Students should not go to school to compete for some award at the end of the year; students should go to school to collaborate and learn from teachers and peers. We rob our children of intrinsic motivation by continually offering extrinsic motivators.
Also, for those who say, "if we get rid of awards, we might as well get rid of test scores and grades and entrance exams"; I say: ABSOLUTELY, these also do not promote learning. I will, however, leave this conversation for another post.
To many people, unfortunately, learning does seem to be a sport. For those people who believe this, here are some questions to consider:
- When/why did learning in school become this zero-sum activity that creates winners and losers?
- Are certain areas of school favoured over others?
- How do you award the top learner? How is one learner better than another?
- How much do politics play into awards in schools?
- Is it more about the parents wanting their kids to have awards or is it about the kids needing awards?
- Who has taught these kids that awards are important?
- What stays with you for life - the intrinsic motivation of knowing that one can learn or the extrinsic motivation of trophies, certificates and prizes?
- Is one child's strength more/less valuable than another child's strength?
- Do we give out awards for top academic child in the family? If an argument is that we "need to prepare students for the competitive real world", why do most not do this within their own families? (I am still awaiting to get to this awful "competitive real-world" that people keep warning me about -).
- If, according to Deci and Ryan, extrinsic motivators take away from intrinsic motivation, and not only will the non-award winners be harmed but also the winners, then why would we continue with our awards tradition?
Obviously, I am being a little cynical with these questions but hopefully it makes people reflect on the flaws in having learning viewed as a sport with winners and losers determined at awards ceremonies.
If all students can excel in something and all students can learn, how can there be losers? The answer: hand out awards for learning and make learning a sport.
and start celebrating personal best"
We need to work to see the value and strength in EVERY child, EVERY day. If we resort to recognizing only a select few at the end of the year, we are failing the majority of our students. Let's tap into our students' interests and work to honour our students for the strengths and passions within each one of them.
Learning is NOT a sport, it is a journey; an enjoyable journey that never ends.
above post slightly modified for clarity
with students as a high school physical education, math, and science teacher, an intermediate teacher, an
elementary vice-principal, as well as a high school volleyball, rugby, track, and basketball coach. You can find
him at The Wejr Board.
Editor's Note: Check out the videos below. The first is a mash-up of the (3) videos that follow.
All well-worth the visit. - C.J. Westerberg
Are We Wrong about Motivation? Daniel Pink thinks so.
Two Schools: Which one builds the better bully? by Ira David Socol
The Day I Abolished Grading by Joe Bower
Death of an Awards Ceremony by Chris Wejr
How to Create Non-readers: Reflections on Motivation, Learning and Sharing Power in the Classroom by Alfie Kohn