I particularly liked hearing how the students think about their own learning and her goal of building independence among her students about their own learning. Thanks, Stacey, for sharing your findings with us . . . and everyone out there tweeting and linking to The Daily Riff posts.
If you are a newbie to the flipped class, more related articles at end of this post.
- C.J. Westerberg
but as teachers,
we always can benefit from observing and listening to our students."
Six Questions - Student Feedback
By Stacey Roshan
I was impressed with how detailed and thoughtful the students were, and how seriously they took the survey. I was expecting the results to be positive, but I was pretty shocked by just how positive they were. It was pretty clear that students felt that the format of class helped them in the course. While my class sizes are small, larger class sizes might benefit even more greatly for the same reasons suggested by the students. (Questionnaire format was anonymous.)
Overall, the student satisfaction survey indicated that students felt very supported in this class and they reported overwhelmingly positive results about having an opportunity to get their questions answered during class time. All students reported that they preferred the format of this class and none would have preferred going back to the "normal" class format. Students felt that instruction was more individualized because the lectures were watched at home. They particularly appreciated that it was always possible to catch up on missed work when absent from class without requiring extra instruction. Most students reported that the format of class made them less afraid of asking questions. Students agreed that it was helpful to have the video resources to re-watch in preparing for tests, though some indicated that they did not always review them often. Students also reported that they felt that the format of class helped reduce anxiety about homework, reduced homework load (in fact, over half reported that they believed the format greatly reduced homework load), and that they felt they had more of an opportunity to learn from classmates.
When students were asked what they liked most about the format of class, most pointed to the differentiated, customized learning experience. They most certainly enjoy being in control of when to "pause me" versus when their classmate needs to slow down. They also indicate feeling more supported in working through problems and many remarked feeling less stress.
Here are the results (italicized are verbatim responses):
What do you like most about the format of class?
(Photo: Roshan far l. with student)
The freedom and ability to ask questions and be independent . . . just like a college class.
In previous math classes, we had to move at the pace of the slowest kids, and that's fine, but it's nice to have the lectures under your belt and then work on problems at your own pace.
The format of this class allows us to work at our own pace. If we need to pause a video and rewind, it is much simpler than interrupting a teacher during class and asking her to repeat what she said. I also love that we have class time to work with other students and ask individual questions. Another great aspect of this format is that it reduces stress because it is so easy to make up the work at home by watching the videos.
The fact that we were not as rushed with our 'homework' as we would be if we had to do it all on my own at home. "
The teacher is helpful, the students are helpful so that we can improve together.
The ability to know the amount of time you would need for calc homework.
I don't have to sit at home and struggle with math problems. It takes a lot of stress out of weeknights.
I can get help with whatever problems I need instead of struggling with hard problems at home with no help.
Being able to re-watch the videos as many times as i needed. How i felt like an independent learner.
When asked what they liked most about the video lectures, students again pointed toward the ability to customize the pace.
What do you like most about the video lectures?
I like how we did homework in class and I got to ask questions.
The ability to rewind and understand and take notes.
It's nice to be able to watch the lectures at any time of day and move quickly or slowly depending on my understanding. Also, the lectures covered everything we had to know for each topic, so there were no surprises come test time. Everything we needed to know was on paper and the lectures told us how to do them. I never really used the videos for a review tool, I liked practice problems much better.
The video lectures allow for a student to work at their own pace. And it is important to note that all students have different strengths. For instance, I watched some videos three times, and skimmed through other ones.
They were engaging and helped us learn the material easily.
That you could watch them on your own time and it was easy to access them.
The fact that you can go at your own pace.
The video lectures are great for me because I am a visual learner. It really helps me to see Ms. Roshan solve the problems and explain them step by step. Taking notes on the printout also helps to keep me engaged in the powerpoint and makes me feel as if I am solving the problems.
I can re-watch confusing sections and it is very easy to study
I can review anytime. With notes.
How they were concise yet showed many of the different problem types with each subject.
I can pause and go back if I don't understand.
I can go through them and review them at my own pace.
The clarity and pace of them.
When asked what students disliked about class and what suggestion they would have for a change next year, many reported "nothing," yet there were interesting critiques about the flipped class format and the class in general.
What do you dislike most about this class?
It was frustrating when we did not get enough time to work on practice problems in class and we had to go over things. I was pretty dependent on getting work done in class, because I work much better in school than I do at home, and I learn best by working on problems myself rather than listening to how to do something (which is why I didn't like conventional classes). I understand we need to go over certain things, but it was annoying to be expected to do more than one thing at home when we fell behind by no fault of mine.
I disliked that it was only 45 minutes a day.
That we could not do corrections on all test and quizzes.
Sometimes I feel as if the way the class is run causes me to take longer to understand the material than if it was being taught in class.
The grading of tests and quizzes, a small curve would be lovely.
If you fall behind because you were slacking off, it takes a lot of time to catch up.
The concepts were hard to grasp and the problems were very difficult, but it was made as easy as it could've been.
If you could offer one suggestion for a change next year,
what would it be?
More points for homework
A more consistent routine of videos at home, maybe one go-over day, and then a number of days to do a lot of problems that we can do at home, but are expected to do in class and are given ample time to do so.
Watching videos every other day giving time to do homework from the previous section that night
Less video-making. Often the videos weren't all that good and took a while to make
Slight curve on tests/quizzes.
Making videos is helpful but sometimes boring.
Make more review videos as a class.
More space on the printed power points.
I'll let the next question speak for itself. A lot of awesome feedback here:
How do you think the format of class has helped you this year?
It allowed me to talk more to my teacher.
I have been able to be independent but still get my work done
Last year, it was hard to learn everything because the class was so big. This year, everything has sort of led into the next topic and being able to work on problems in class helps get at the root of issues that I may have, rather than struggling endlessly with them at home.
Work at my own pace and lower anxiety due to Ms. Roshan's extreme organization.
I was better prepared for the AP exam than in any other AP course this year.
It has helped me manage my time and become more comfortable with learning online which will help for college.
It has allowed me to all ways have the lectures at home to watch. It really helped because I am not the best note taker.
I think that the format of the class helped me to get more comfortable working with classmates and asking questions. I got so used to working on math problems at home, and it was nice to have the support of classmates.
It put more responsibility on me to get an understanding of the material
More time on class to focus on my problems.
I like that I can work on hard problems in class with the support of the teacher.
I got a lot more help with the problems in class so I had an easier time grasping how to do questions.
I suffered a concussion at the begging(sic) of the year. I missed about 2 months of school work.
Out of all my classes AP calculus was the easiest to catch up on. Also When I finally caught up I didn't feel at all disadvantaged from missing class.
Finally, I asked students how they thought the format of class has not helped. It was interesting that one student's response for what they did not like was exactly one of my aims - The whole independent learner bit :)
How do you think the format of class has NOT helped you this year?
I honestly don't know how to answer this question.
The class helped me in almost every way.
I think that over all it really just helped
I don't think it has not helped me.
It didn't help with taking notes/paying attention because if I missed something or was not very focused in watching a video, I could just re-watch the section with no real consequence.
Less time to think individually.
I've become really independent, and if I didn't keep up with work, I'd be in some trouble. Lucky I haven't.
At first I only grasped specific problems and not overarching concepts, but as the year went on I improved at both.
And on that note, I will close with a huge smile on my face and call it another very successful year of flipping my AP Calculus AB classroom! There is no one-size fits all in education, but as teachers, we always can benefit from observing and listening to our students. And that's just what the flipped classroom provides: giving students a stronger voice,
making the classroom experience about playing with ideas rather than throwing information
at them at lightning speed, allowing time to individually check in with students on a regular basis, providing the resources for them to customize pace, and giving students the peace of mind that their teacher is not more than a step away when they need you most.
Stacey Roshan is a teacher at Bullis School, an independent high school in Maryland.
The Flipped Class Manifest by Brian E. Bennett, Dan Spencer, Jon Bergmann, Troy Cockrum, Ramsey Musallam, Aaron Sams, Karl Fisch, Jerry Overmyer
How the Flipped Classroom is Radically Transforming Learning by Jon Bergmann, Aaron Sams
The Flipped Class: Shedding light on the confusion, critique and hype by Aaron Sams
Are you Ready to Flip? by Dan Spencer, Deb Wolf, and Aaron Sams
"The Flipped Class: Myths vs. Reality" by Jon Bergmann, Jerry Overmyer and Brett Wilie
"The Flipped Class: What Does a Good One Look Like?" by Brian Bennett, Jason Kern, April Gudenrath and Philip McIntosh
Private School Math Teacher Flips Learning by Stacey Roshan
The Flipped Class: Show Me the Data! by Stacey Roshan
Teachers "Doing the Flip" to Help Students Become Learners